The inhabitants of Media, in the western part of Iran, who played a key role in Mes-opotamian history in the first millennium B.C. The Medes, who spoke an Indo-European language, began as a group of loosely organized but culturally related tribes that migrated southward from central Asia into Iran around 1000 B.C.or shortly thereafter. The reasons these tribes began to unite into a sort of national unit are unclear; one major factor may have been raids into western Media conducted by the Assyrians, who were rising to power in the early first millennium B.C.Inany case, by the mid-700s b.c. the Medes were strong enough to return the favor and pose a moderate threat to the Assyrians. The annals of Assyria's King Tiglathpileser III (reigned 744-727 b.c.) and King Sargon (reigned 721-705 b.c.) record campaigns against the Medes, including carved reliefs showing Median fortresses with high battlements. These reliefs also depict the early Medes themselves. They wore their hair short and sported short, curled beards, tunics covered by sheepskin coats, and high-laced boots. Their weapons included a long spear and a rectangular wicker shield as well as bows employed with great skill by archers on horseback. These effective warriors, who gained the respect of the warlike Assyrians, soon became instrumental in the rise of the Median Empire, which eventually overcame Assyria and laid the groundwork for the larger Persian Empire.
   See also: Ecbatana; Media; Persian Empire

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MÈDES — L’apparition en Asie antérieure des éléments iraniens qui faisaient partie de la branche occidentale des Irano Aryens introduit une nouvelle et importante page dans l’histoire des grandes puissances du Moyen Orient: l’Assyrie, la Babylonie,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Medes — Mèdes Histoire de l Iran Civilisation proto élamite (3 200 2 700 av. J. C.) Civilisation de Jiroft (3 000 Ve siècle av. J. C. Royaume élamite (2 70 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mèdes — Royaume médique Mādai (peo) VIIe siècle – 553 Informations générales Statut Confédération tribale Capitale Ecbatane Langue Mède  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medes — Mede redirects here. For the town in Italy, see Mede, Lombardy. Median Empire or Median Confederation Mādai ← …   Wikipedia

  • Medes —    The Medes were an ancient Indo European people who spoke an Iranian language related to old Persian, but they left no written records of their own. They flourished from the eighth to the sixth centuries BCE. Under their king Cyaxares, the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • MEDES —    The Medes were a people of Indo European origin who migrated into Iran toward the end of the second millennium B.C. By the eighth century, they had consolidated themselves into a kingdom, known as Media, with the capital Ecbatana (modern… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Medes — A people who rose to power in the Near East, and captured Nineveh in 612 BCE, but were conquered by Cyrus and became part of the Persian Empire in 549 BCE. During the Exile they were expected by Jeremiah (51:11) to be God s instrument for… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • MEDES AND MEDIA — (Heb. מָדַי; in Akkadian inscriptions: Madai), a people of Indo Iranian origin, closely related to the Persians, who inhabited the mountainous area of Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia. The Medes, located in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Medeş River — River Countries Romania Counties Bihor County …   Wikipedia

  • Medes Islands — Illes Medes   Islands   Illes Medes seen from L Estartit beach. Meda gran is in the forefront, taking over most of the silhouette …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”